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Forms, Patterns
Self Defense

Board Breaking

Forms = Hyong
In old times the students did not practice with partners, because they were concerned of getting hurt. The Forms (Hyongs) were specified to practice techniques without stopping in the change of defense and attack. The trainee fight thereby against one or more fictitious opponents. Only with a lot of practice, you will be able to defend yourself without thinking, which is important for a fast defense.

Die Bedeutung der traditionellen Formen

Name Meaning Movements
Chon-Ji Hyong
(1. Form)
CHON- JI means literally " the Heaven the Earth". It is, in the Orient, interpreted as the creation of the world or the beginning of human history, therefore, it is the initial form played by the beginner. This form consists of two similar parts; one to represent the Heaven and the other the Earth. 19
Tan-Gun Hyong
(2. Form)
TAN-GUN is named after the holy Dan-Gun, the legendary founder of Korea in the year of 2,333 B.C. 21
To-San Hyong
(3. Form)
TO-SAN is the pseudonym of the patriot Ahn Chang-Ho (1876-1938). The 24 movements represent his entire life which he devoted to furthering the education of Korea and its independence movement. 24
Won-Hyo Hyong
(4. Form)
WON-HYO was the noted monk who introduced Buddhism to the Silla Dynasty in the year of 686 A.D. 26
Yul-Kok Hyong
(5. Form)
YUL-GOK is the pseudonym of a great philosopher and scholar Yi l (1536-1584) nicknamed the "Confucius of Korea". 38
Joong-Gun Hyong
(6. Form)
JOONG-GUN is named after the patriot Ahn Joong-Gun who assassinated Hiro-Bumi Ito, the first Japanese governor-general of Korea, known as the man who played the leading part in the Korea-Japan merger. 32
Toi-Gye Hyong
(7. Form)
TOI-GYE is the pen name of the noted scholar Yi Hwang (16th century), an authority on neo Confucianism. 37
Hwa-Rang Hyong
(8. Form)
HWA-RANG is named after the Hwa-Rang youth group, which originated in the Silla Dynasty in the early 7th century. The 29 movements refer to the 29th Infantry Division, where Taekwon-Do developed into maturity. 29
Choong-Moo Hyong
(9. Form)
CHOONG-MOO was the name given to the great Admiral Yi Soon-Sin of the Lee Dynasty. He was reputed to have invented the first armoured battleship (Kobukson) in 1592, which is said to be the precursor of the present day submarine. 31
Kwang-Gae Hyong
(10. Form)
KWANG-GAE is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. 39
Po-Eun Hyong
(11. Form)
PO-EUN is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Chong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem "I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times" is known to every Korean. He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty. 36
Ge-Baek Hyong
(12. Form)
GE-BAEK is named after Ge-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 AD). The diagram represents his severe and strict military discipline. 44
Yoo-Sin Hyong
(13. Form)
YOO-SIN is named after General Kim Yoo Sin, a commanding general during the Silla Dynasty. The 68 movements refer to the last two figures of 668 A.D., the year Korea was united. The ready posture signifies a sword drawn on the right rather than left side, symbolizing Yoo Sin's mistake of following his Kings' orders to fight with foreign forces against his own nation. 68
Choong-Yang Hyong
(14. Form)
CHOONG-JANG is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left-hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity. 52
Ul-Ji Hyong
(15. Form)
UL- JI is named after general Ul-Ji Moon Dok who successfully defended Korea against a Tang's invasion force of nearly one million soldiers led by Yang Je in 612 A.D., Ul-Ji employing hit and run guerilla tactics, was able to decimate a large percentage of the force. The diagram represents his surname. 42
Sam Il Hyong
(16. Form)
SAM-IL denotes the historical date of the independence movement of Korea which began throughout the country on March 1, 1919. 33
Ko Dang Hyong
(17. Form)
Ko Dang is the pseudonym given to the korean patriot and fighter for the freedom. 39
Choi Yong Hyong
(18. Form)
CHOI-YONG is named after General Choi Yong, premier and commander in chief of the armed forces during the 14th century Koryo Dynasty. Choi Yong was greatly respected for his loyalty, patriotism, and humility. He was executed by his subordinate commanders headed by general Yi Sung Gae, who later became the first King of the Lee Dynasty. 45
Se Yong Hyong
(19. Form)
SE-JONG is named after the greatest Korean King, Se-Jong, who invented the Korean alphabet in 1443, and was also a noted meteorologist. 24
Tong Il Hyong
(20. Form)
TONG-IL denotes the resolution of the unification of Korea which has been divided since 1945. The diagram symbolizes the homogenous race. 56
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